ParticleLewis DotAByXz formulaMolecular Shapesulfur trioxide SO3 carbon tetrachloride CCl4 phosphate ion arsenic trichloride AsCl3 ammonium ion oxygen difluoride OF2 phosphorus pentachloride PCl5 hydrogen selenide H2Se nitrogen triiodide NI3 WKS 6.6 – VSEPR Shapes of Molecules (continued) ParticleLewis DotAByXz formulaMolecular Shapesulfate ion bromate ion sulfur dichloride SCl2 selenium hexafluoride SeF6 arsenic pentabromide AsBr5 boron trichloride BCl3 water carbonate ion nitrate ion WKS 6.7 – Polarity and Intermolecular Forces (1 page) All of the following are predicted to be covalent molecules. Covalent formulas contain only non-metals or metalloids. Focus Standard: I can write formulas and name ionic compounds and covalent compounds. ... a. ionic bonds b. polar-covalent bonds c. nonpolar-covalent bonds Polar molecules must contain polar bonds due to a difference in electronegativity between the bonded atoms. CuCl2 5. a. NiF3 b. NF3 c. N3F d. Ni3F. If there is no prefix, then it is understood that there is only one of that element in the compound. Polar "In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment. the sum of the masses of 1 mol of MG and 2 mol of I. a.electromagnetic attraction b.transfer of valence electrons c.sharing of valence electrons d.electrons freely move between atoms NH4OH 8. ElementCommon Oxidation Number(s)ElementCommon Oxidation Number(s)Rubidium SulfurArsenic BismuthStrontium TinCadmium PhosphorousZinc SilverLead BromineAluminum Gallium WKS 6.3 - LDS for Ionic Compounds (2 pages) Fill in the c h a r t b e l o w . Ionic compounds typically exist in the gaseous phase at room temperature. CCl4. nonmetal, metal and nonmetal ... (selenium trioxide) OF2(oxygen difluoride) (oxygen difluoride) CCl4. These can be evenly shared (covalent bond) or unevenly shared (polar covalent bond). Chemical bond A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds. 1. 0000018337 00000 n Matter in its lowest energy state tends to be more stable. The bond may result from the electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely charged ions as in ionic bonds; or through the sharing of electrons as in covalent bonds . (1 page) Draw the Lewis structure for each of the following. NaCl 6. Don’t forget to show brackets and charge on your LDS for ions! endstream endobj 44 0 obj<> endobj 45 0 obj<> endobj 46 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 47 0 obj<> endobj 48 0 obj<> endobj 49 0 obj<> endobj 50 0 obj[/ICCBased 55 0 R] endobj 51 0 obj<> endobj 52 0 obj<> endobj 53 0 obj<> endobj 54 0 obj<>stream Y o u w i l l n e e d t o d e t e r m i n e h o w m a n y o f e a c h i o n y o u w i l l n e e d t o f o r m a n e u t r a l f o r m u l a u n i t ( c o m p o u n d ) C a t i o n L D S A n i o n L D S A l g e b r a f o r n e u t r a l c o m p o u n d I O N I C C O M P O U N D L D S N a + C l N a " ( [ N a ] + C l ( [ C l ] % ( + 1 ) + ( - 1 ) = 0 [ N a ] + [ C l ] % K + F M g + I B e + S N a + O G a + S R b + N W K S 6 . What is the name of N 2 O 3 7) ammonia. 0000000716 00000 n a. sulfur trioxide b. silver trioxide c. selenium trioxide d. sodium trioxide. No annoying ads, no download limits, enjoy it and don't forget to bookmark and share the love!. 0000003428 00000 n For each formula, determine if the compound is Ionic or Molecular (Covalent). Note: you must draw your Lewis Dots first in order to be able to do this!!! REMEMBER: include brackets with a charge for ions! NaCl 3. 43 0 obj <> endobj Metallic bonds are ____________________________________ thus metals are able to be pounded into many shapes. What is the covalent formula for CS2? x�b```"NI~�g`B� A bond in which atoms share electrons is called a _________________________ bond. What is the formula for nitrogen trifluoride? It is prepared on an industrial scale as a precursor to sulfuric acid, and is also known as sulfuric anhydride. 43 21 Covalent compounds should be named according to the prefix system (not the stock system). _______________________________ is the process of removing electrons from atoms to form ions. However, polyatomic ions are held together by covalent bonds, so this compound contains both ionic and covalent bonds. Sulfur dioxide. The elements in \(\ce{Na_2O}\) are a metal and a nonmetal, which form ionic bonds. 63 0 obj<>stream selenium oxide monoselenium trioxide selenium trioxide selenium ion .Carbon and chlorine combine to make CCl4, what happens to the valence electrons in forming this bond? (NH 4) 2 CO 3 2. 4. Naming binary (two-element) covalent compounds is similar to naming simple ionic compounds. 0000003077 00000 n 0000001253 00000 n Play this game to review Chemistry. Chemical bonding is the process of atoms combining to form new substances. Covalent molecules conduct electricity in all states. This means you need to figure out how many of each ion you need to balance out the charge! 0000018423 00000 n Q. for transition metals with more than 1 possible charge a _____ is used in the name to indicate which charge the cation has Electron_________________________________ is the tendency of an atom to gain electrons when forming bonds. REMEMBER THE NAMING PATTERN FOR ANIONS – THEY HAVE AN –IDE ENDING! Calcium bromide Aluminum bromideMagnesium oxide Rubidium nitrideAluminum selenide Cesium sulfideStrontium phosphide Beryllium nitridePotassium iodide Lithium silicide WKS 6.4 – LDS for Covalent Compounds and Polyatomic Ions (1 page) Covalent molecules are named using prefixes. 3. Particles with a positive or negative charge are called ions. Aluminum ion Silicon ionPotassium ionFluoride ion Sulfide ionCarbide ionHydrogen ion Cesium ionBromide ionChloride ion Gallium ionZinc ionSilver ion Oxide ion Barium ion Predict the common oxidation numbers (CHARGE) for each of the following elements when they form ions. Identify the compound as binary or ternary. I]�. ALSO - there may be more than one!!! As a general rule, covalent bonds occur between two _____ atoms whereas ionic bonds occur between a _____ and _____ atom. If the statement is false, re-write the statement to make it true. Ionic. 0000001124 00000 n presents: Orgo Basics Video 1 - Ionic, Polar Covalent, Non-Polar Covalent Bonding Struggling with Orgo? Ionic or Molecular (Covalent). Instead the electrons move to complete the outermost electron shell chromium and oxygen. )BromineSelenium NitrogenBariumChlorine GalliumArgon WKS 6.2 - LDS for Ions/ Typical Charges Determine the common oxidation number (charge) for each of the following ions, and then draw their Lewis Dot Structure. When the number of protons equals the number of electrons an atom has a _________________________ charge. 0000014313 00000 n Ionic, Polar Covalent and Non-Polar Covalent Bonding Tutorial Video. Ions are atoms with a positive or negative _______________________________. ... Covalent molecules tend to have higher melting and boiling points compared to ionic compounds. PCl5 Nitrogen gas (diatomic!) Chromium trioxide (Cr2O3) is an ionic compound composed of 2 Cr3+ ions, and 3 (O)2- ions. FeBr3 7. These species tell you exactly how many atoms are in the covalent compound. CuCl 2 5. %%EOF HCl 7. Selenium trioxide. If you want to quickly find the word you want to search, use Ctrl + F, then type the word you want to search. Also, all of these are predicted to be covalent compounds. [);}c��P*q�N�p�౮�2�i�v~�z*Q�x��6��2/�9�S��܅�=�VE������R8Q*��u;V�>ˋ,A7�v~ ����� R���a3�x@�Y�T��@u�20���B@, ֨����C�����E�-c���i�:,l �Y~�%��`u�Z>�SC���o����L@l �Z���4#� 0 � LO carbon tetrachloride. In an ionic bond, electrons are localized to one of the atoms (giving it an overall negative … For example, ammonium chloride has ionic bonds between a polyatomic ion, NH 4 + , and Cl − ions, but within the ammonium ion, the nitrogen and hydrogen atoms are connected by covalent bonds as shown below. Matter tends to exist in its ______________________________ energy state. View naming exam-2.doc from AA 1Nomenclature Exam For each formula, determine if the compound is Ionic or Molecular (Covalent). For poly-valent metals put the roman … Ionic … A(n) __________________________ bond is a bond in which one atom donates electrons to another atom. Selenium. 0000008550 00000 n 0000018644 00000 n dinitrogen pentoxide. Gallium Argon WKS 6.2 - LDS for Ions/ Typical Charges ... Sulfur trioxide. 13768-86-0. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Selenium dichloride, 14457-70-6. cyanide ion bromide ionsulfur dioxide SO2 ammonium phosphate sulfur hexafluoride SF6 bromine pentachloride BrCl5chlorate ion carbon monoxide CO carbonate ion chlorine tribromide ClBr3 WKS 6.6 – VSEPR Shapes of Molecules (2 pages) Predict the AByXz and molecular shape of each of the following. CaCl2 CO2H2OBaSO4 K2ONaFNa2CO3 CH4SO3LiBr MgONH4ClHCl KINaOHNO2 AlPO4FeCl3P2O5 N2O3CaCO3 Draw Lewis dot structures for each of the following atoms: Aluminum SiliconPotassiumXenon SulfurCarbonHydrogen Helium (watch out! 0000018837 00000 n 0000001412 00000 n Study Reminders . Chemical bonding is the process of atoms combining to form new __________________________. %PDF-1.4 %���� If the … (Y or N)carbon tetrabromide CBr4 sulfate ion hydrogen sulfide H2S bromine trichloride BrCl3 nitrate ion xenon tetrafluoride XeF4 phosphorous trifluoride PF3 WKS 6.5 – LDS for All Kinds of Compounds! How do we name ionic compounds? July 28, 2015 By Leah4sci 6 Comments. 0000001044 00000 n H2O 8. FeBr 3 7. 0 0 1 ... sodium sulphate But it is not covalent, it is ionic. 0000001950 00000 n HCl 3. COVALENT COMPOUNDS Covalent compounds are made from two non-metals and so don’t follow the normal ionic rules. 0000002592 00000 n 1 Structures Expand this section. 0000002432 00000 n 1. If there is a prefix, then the prefix indicates how many of that element is in the compound. NH 4 OH 4. 9. through 13. Answer b. More... Molecular Weight: 169.91361 g/mol. Specifically the chemical nature of ionic bonds, polar covalent and non-polar covalent bonds. 9. through 13. CCl 4 Write the name for each ionic compound that you identified above. N2s3 compound. SO3 Boron trichloride. Selenium trioxide Strontium hypochlorite Iron (III) oxalate 23 Naming Conventions 3. 1. NF3. PARTICLELEWIS DOT#POLAR BONDS# NON-POLAR BONDSMOLECULE POLAR?IMFArsenic trichloride AsCl3 Carbon tetrachloride CCl4 Carbon disulfide CS2 Sulfur trioxide SO3 Boron trichloride BCl3 Phosphorus pentachloride PCl5 Nitrogen gas (diatomic!) It is a nonmetal (more rarely considered a metalloid) with properties that are intermediate between the elements above and below in the periodic table, sulfur and tellurium, and also has similarities to arsenic.It rarely occurs in its elemental state or as pure ore compounds in the Earth's crust. xref BeCl2 (assume covalent) WKS 6.8 – Basic Concepts & Definitions (1 page) Fill in the following blanks using the work bank. & & € € ÿÿÿÿ $ $ $ 8 \ Ä $ †a ¦ , , B B B w) w) w) Õ` ×` ×` ×` ×` ×` ×` $ ,c ² Þe â û` E w) ( l w) w) w) û` € € B B É @a ÿ/ ÿ/ ÿ/ w) € Ø B B Õ` ÿ/ w) Õ` ÿ/ ÿ/ Þ Z X X ¸ S^ B ÿÿÿÿ i“Ô˜Ì ÿÿÿÿ …+ | ç[ ( Á` Va 0 †a \ D Àf , T Àf P S^ S^ ¦ Àf ù^ È w) w) ÿ/ w) w) w) w) w) û` û` U- ª w) w) w) †a w) w) w) w) ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿ Àf w) w) w) w) w) w) w) w) w) & F : WKS 6.1 - Classifying Ionic versus Covalent / Lewis Dot Structures of Atoms Classify the following compounds as ionic ([metal or ammonium ion] + [non-metal or polyatomic ion]), covalent (nonmetal+ nonmetal). 0000018019 00000 n When an atom loses on or more electrons it becomes negatively charged and we call it a cation. <<7BFC42B071EDB346856C744E8270278E>]>> You can tell if a compound is covalent because it has prefixes modifying the species names. Sulfur dioxide SO2 Oxygen gas (diatomic!) H��W�r�}�W��"&F;���M��r ˒�vĪ. H2O 6. N2O5. H 2 O 8. Acids HCl H 2CO 3 HBr HOCl HClO HC 2H 3O C 2H 3O 2H HNO 2 HNO 3 They look like ionic compounds, except that the positive ion is always H+ What would you name them if they were ionic compounds? (That’s an oxygen ion with a -2 charge). Hydrogen bonding intermolecular forces are stronger than London Dispersion intermolecular forces. Acids HCl H 2CO 3 HBr 0 Naming and Writing Formulas for Covalent Compounds Covalent compounds are compounds formed by two ... selenium trioxide (b) silver trioxide (d) sodium trioxide 8. seo2 ( Selenium dioxide ) is Covalent bond I'll tell you the ionic or Covalent bond list below. 0000003504 00000 n Indicate whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). Especially on those pesky non-metals in Groups 14 & 15. Nonmetal atoms in polyatomic ions are joined by covalent bonds, but the ion as a whole participates in ionic bonding.

Ionic bonds are formed when an electron moves from one atom to another, and covalent bonds are formed when two different atoms share one or more pair of electrons. IDENTIFY each first as being a simple ion, polyatomic ion, ionic compound (with or without a polyatomic ion), or covalent compound. 3 - L D S f o r I o n i c C o m p o u n d s ( c o n t i n u e d ) D r a w j u s t t h e f i n a l L e w i s d o t s t r u c t u r e f o r e a c h o f t h e f o l l o w i n g I O N I C c o m p o u n d s . CTK4C0926 One property common to metals is ductility. Answer c Orgo Basics Video Series: Video 1 Your organic chemistry professor will take it for granted that you have a solid understanding of bonding.