Sources of land pollution. Due to solid waste, soil pollution is spreading further. Municipal and industrial sewage also is an important source of those substances. Publish your original essays now. Carbon dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide are some of the gases produced from industrial activities that cause considerable pollutionto soil indirectly. As a result harmful chemicals enter the food chain. Such contaminants include metals, inorganic ions and salts (e.g. Mining wastes often cover the top soil, thus spoiling a precious natural resource. The quantity rose to 2.3 kg in 1970 and 3.6 kg in 1980 and now it is more than 4.5 kg. They cause soil pollution by changing the pH of the soil. There are three groups of pathogenic organisms that pollute the soil, viz. They can cause health problems for human beings. Soil pollution is a disruptive element for many biological resources and ecosystems. Excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides They harm the development and existence of flora and fauna. Domestic and Municipal Wastes: Sewage Sludge Soil Pollution Nerve Agent Organophosphorus Compound Sulphur Mustard These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. The dumping of domestic and municipal wastes is a serious problem in cities because of its impact on environment and public health. Similarly, on one hand, installation of cement factories in the mountainous region weakens the soil strata leading to landslides, and on the other hand, the cement dust that falls on natural vegetation and crops blocks their stomata to cause their eventual death. Industries also dump their solid and liquid effluents into t… In addition to fertilisers and pesticides, soil condi­tioners and fumigants are used in agriculture. Land pollution prevention tips. Soil Pollution Essay: Soil is an essential component of our nature. Sources of Soil Pollution. They can be in the form of gas, liquid or solid substances. 3 Different Levels of Organisational Advisory Bodies–Explained! Acidic gases like SO2 and NOx when combine with atmospheric moisture form acids and fall on the earth. Privacy Policy3. There are many reasons as to why and how soil gets polluted. Soil pollution can happen as a result of an accident. Of the obvious and commonest ones are domestic wastes, untreated or insufficient treatment of industrial discharges, husbandry wastes and agricultural uses of fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. All the radionuclides deposited on the soil emit gamma radiations, and are harmful to soil as well as for plant growth. These pollutants end up in the soil due to accidents like oil spills or by illegal industrial waste dumping. iv. Large-scale industrialization and urbanization, the growing population in the cities and the emerging fluid and concrete residues are polluting the soil. In the developing countries, intestinal parasites constitute the most serious soil pollution problems. The rainwater that passes through the polluted soil picks up radioactive elements. TOS4. About three-quarters of this is manure. The physical qualities of soil are also altered. Sewage treatment plants also help pollute the soil because they remove the remaining sludge from domestic and commercial waste. The disposal of industrial solid … Before publishing your Essay on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Effects of land pollution. Soil pollution refers to the contamination of soil with anomalous concentrations of toxic substances. i. When acids are present in the soil, they are carried away with flowing water, causing harm to water bodies. iii. Soil pollution both directly and indirectly concerns and affects […] Radioactive elements are absorbed by soil particles, causing harm to soil qualities. It is typically caused by industrial activity, agricultural chemicals or improper disposal of waste. Ecosystems. Pesticides that contaminate the soil seep lower down the soil layer and contaminate groundwater that is used for domestic purposes. One of the main causes of land and soil pollution is the growing quantity of domestic... 2. The following table lists some of the effects of the production of consumer goods: The expansion of mining activities in many countries has now become a major cause of land pollution due to loss of soil and destruction of land. And this soil pollution has become one of the major crises for the ecosystem and humankind because it causes an imbalance in nature. Excess chemicals from agricultural practices harm the survival of a number of friendly m icroorgan isms. Unused chemicals like fly ash, sludge, plastics and sawdust are some of the chemicals that are discharged from industries. The average person in India produces only about 0.2 kg per day. Mining fires destroy lands around the area and mining wastes cause heaps of wastes to be produced if the activity is not checked. We should reduce the number of fertilizers for our crops as excess fertilizers make the soil acidic. One of the main causes of land and soil pollution is the growing quantity of domestic and municipal wastes. The industrial wastes are mainly discharged from coal and mineral mining industries, metal processing industries and engineering industries. Get a better understanding of the soil environment quality baseline. When these wastes are left on the soil’s surface, they change the chemical composition of the soil. Industrial wastes or byproducts are among the leading causes of soil pollution. Unwanted garbage from industrial activities like glass, metals and wood are the other kinds of wastes which industries generate. The benefits of a nonpoint source of soil pollution health, plants or animals ’ t stringent! 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