[63][64][65] Many have been restored since the 1980s. [47], According to one writer, the population of the city was about 10,000, with some 10,000 monks at Drepung and Sera monasteries in 1959. See Lara Maconi, 'Gesar de Pékin? [59] Since 2000, the Carlsberg group has increased its stronghold in the Chinese market and has become increasingly influential in the country with investment and expertise. "Lhasa, Legend and History." Beijing / Lhasa. In 2001, the Central Committee of the Chinese Government in its 4th Tibet Session resolved to restore the complex to its original glory. In the first half of the 20th century, several Western explorers made celebrated journeys to the city, including William Montgomery McGovern, Francis Younghusband, Alexandra David-Néel, and Heinrich Harrer. A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true. The 11th edition of Encyclopædia Britannica published between 1910 and 1911 noted the total population of Lhasa, including the lamas in the city and vicinity was about 30,000;[45] a census in 1854 made the figure 42,000, but it is known to have greatly decreased since. [16] Tsepon W. D. Shakabpa believes that "those histories reporting the arrival of Chinese troops are not correct."[15]. Emily T. Yeh,'Living Together in Lhasa: Ethnic Relations, Coercive Amity, and Subaltern Cosmopolitanism,' pp.59-60. Lhasa literally translates to "place of gods" (ལྷ lha, god; ས sa, place) in the Tibetan language. [76] and served as the traditional summer residence of the successive Dalai Lamas until the 14th's self-imposed exile. The Lingkhor in Lhasa was 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) long enclosing Old Lhasa, the Potala and Chokpori hill. It is 240 kilometers away from the holy lake Namtso. Lhasa, Chinese (Pinyin) Lasa, (Wade-Giles romanization) La-sa, capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region, southwestern China. Potala Palace, immense religious and administrative complex in Lhasa, southern Tibet Autonomous Region, southwestern China. Copied. This temple has remained a key center of Buddhist pilgrimage for centuries. Explore Lhasa's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Lhasa is the administrative capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region in the People’s Republic of China. Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th Edition, People's Government of Lhasa Official Website - "Administrative divisions", "Lhasa Hotel in Lhasa, China - Lonely Planet", "Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa", "Monument to Tibet Peaceful Liberation Unveiled", "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)", World's highest railway Qinghai-Tibet Railway to be extended to Xigaze from Lhasa - Apple Travel, "Train 27, Now Arriving Tibet, in a 'Great Leap West, "The train to Lhasa, Tibet - What You Can Expect", "Extend Tibet railway line to Kathmandu, Nepal tells China", China may build rail tunnel under Mount Everest, state media reports, "New highway linking Lhasa to Gonggar Airport to be built", http://stadiumdb.com/stadiums/chn/lhasa_stadium, People's Government of Chengguan District, Lhasa Official Website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lhasa&oldid=993743684, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Standard Tibetan-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. From adventure-seeking backpackers to luxury jet-setters, travelers everywhere have added the fabled “Roof of the World,” and the capital city of Lhasa, on their places-to-see-before-I-die Bucket Lists. Lhasa Airport is the hub of Tibet Airlines, which offers regional services to other destinations in Tibet such as Nyingchi, Ngari Prefecture, Shigatse, and Qamdo. Connect With Us. The Unveiling Ceremony of the giant Thangka of the Buddha is held in Drepung Monastery on the first day of the annually held Shoton Festival. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for Lhasa, Tibet, People's Republic of China with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and Weather.com After the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India during the 1959 Tibetan uprising, the government converted the palace into a museum. The marshlands, mostly uninhabited, are to the north. The site was used as a meditation retreat by King Songtsen Gampo, who in 637 built the first palace there in order to greet his bride Princess Wen Cheng of the Tang dynasty of China. Recommended China Tour Packages including Lhasa 7 Days Classic Beijing Lhasa Tour by Flight. G318 also runs west to Zhangmu on the Nepal border. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 06:45. The hotel was operated by Holiday Inn from 1986 to 1997[56] and is the subject of a book, The Hotel on the Roof of the World. Day 5: Lhasa Arrive in the evening to Lhasa, Tibet's peaceful capital in a Himalayan valley nestled along the river, once the winter home of the Dalai Lama. Lhasa is the second most populous urban area on the Tibetan Plateau after Xining and, at an altitude of 3,656 metres (11,990 ft), Lhasa is one of the highest cities in the world. Norbulingka was declared a 'National Important Cultural Relic Unit", in 1988 by the State council. The city has been the religious and administrative capital of Tibet since the mid-17th century. The production of national handicrafts has made great progress. It is a modern factory, the largest manufacturer of rugs throughout Tibet, employing some 300 workers. [44] Lhasa has an annual precipitation of 426 millimetres (16.8 in) with rain falling mainly in July, August and September. The museum is organized into three main sections: a main exhibition hall, a folk cultural garden and administrative offices. Telephone: +86 133 0898 1522 Fax: +86 891 6865 232 Email: woeser@roadtotibet.com WeChat: roadtotibet . [83], Lhasa has been served by rail since 2006, when the Qinghai–Tibet Railway opened for passenger operations. [17] It was known as the centre of Tibet where Padmasambhava magically pinned down the earth demoness and built the foundation of the Jokhang Temple over her heart. By the 15th century, the city of Lhasa had risen to prominence following the founding of three large Gelugpa monasteries by Je Tsongkhapa and his disciples. The tourism industry now brings significant business to the region, building on the attractiveness of the Potala Palace, the Jokang, the Norbulingka Summer Palace and surrounding large monasteries as well the spectacular Himalayan landscape together with the many wild plants and animals native to the high altitudes of Central Asia. Climate data and weather averages in Lhasa. The half-dozen main colleges feature spectacular prayer halls and chapels. [13], A Tibetan tradition mentions that after Songtsen Gampo's death in 649 C.E., Chinese troops captured Lhasa and burnt the Red Palace. Airports serving Lhasa include Chengdu, Diqing, Beijing, Chongqing, Xi'an, Yinchuan, and Guiyang. The Nathu La pass offers Chinese companies access to the port of Kolkata (Calcutta), situated about 1,100 km (680 mi) from Lhasa, for trans-shipments to and from Tibet. With Güshi Khan as a largely uninvolved overlord, the 5th Dalai Lama and his intimates established a civil administration which is referred to by historians as the Lhasa state. [51] Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. The Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple and the Norbulingka are UNESCO world heritage sites. The resources of water conservancy, geothermal heating, solar energy and various mines are abundant. Emily T. Yeh,'Living Together in Lhasa: Ethnic Relations, Coercive Amity, and Subaltern Cosmopolitanism,' p.58. As of 2014[update], there are daily flights serving major Chinese cities including Beijing, Chengdu, Guangzhou, and Shanghai, and there are also occasional scheduled services to Kathmandu in Nepal. [52] As of 2014[update], half of Tibet's Han population resided in Chengguan District of Lhasa, where bilingual or wholly Chinese teaching was common in the schools.[53]. The Dilemmas of a Kashmiri Muslim in Early Nineteenth-Century Tibet,' in Anna Akasoy, Charles Burnett, Ronit Yoeli-Tlalim (eds.). Coordinates (Tibet Autonomous Region government): Source: China Meteorological Administration. Start planning for Lhasa [50] Nearly half of Lhasa Prefecture-level City's population lives in Chengguan District, which is the administrative division that contains the urban area of Lhasa (i.e. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. However, extension of the Indian railway system to Sikkim will make it easier for onward connections through the South Asian railway network. It is an old city and an important religious center, with wonderful shrines and temples (Gesar Lhakhang temple, the Jokhang Temple, etc), beautiful gardens and old monasteries. [32], Of the 22 parks (lingkas) which surrounded the city of Lhasa, most of them over half a mile in length, where the people of Lhasa were accustomed to picnic, only three survive today: the Norbulingka, Dalai Lama's Summer Palace, constructed by the 7th Dalai Lama;[20] a small part of the Shugtri Lingka, and the Lukhang. The 37-metre-high concrete monument is shaped as an abstract Mount Everest and its name is engraved with the calligraphy of former CCP general secretary and PRC president Jiang Zemin, while an inscription describes the socioeconomic development experienced in Tibet in the past fifty years.[82]. It is the center of Tibet's politics, economy and culture. The Qinghai–Tibet Highway (part of G109) runs northeast toward Xining and eventually to Beijing and is the most-used road in Tibet. There is widespread electricity together with the use of both machinery and traditional methods in the production of such things as textiles, leathers, plastics, matches and embroidery. [36], Lhasa has an elevation of about 3,600 m (11,800 ft)[37] and lies in the centre of the Tibetan Plateau with the surrounding mountains rising to 5,500 m (18,000 ft). [20] The scholarly achievements and political know-how of this Gelugpa Lineage eventually pushed Lhasa once more to centre stage. It is located south of the city proper. [30] Food rations and poorly stocked government stores replaced the old markets, until the 1990s when commerce in international wares once more returned to Lhasa,[31] and arcades and malls with a cornucopia of goods sprang up. After suppressing the rebels, Qing Qianlong Emperor reorganized the Tibetan government and set up the governing council called Kashag in Lhasa in 1751. 4WD, ATV & Off-Road Tours, Cultural Tours, Sightseeing Tours, Hiking & Camping Tours. There were four large incense burners (sangkangs) in the four cardinal directions, with incense burning constantly, to please the gods protecting the Jokhang. Lhasa Lhasa is the capital of the Tibet autonomous region in China.It is 3,750 meters above sea level on the northern slopes of the Himalayas.Lhasa has about … [6] Lhasa is first recorded as the name, referring to the area's temple of Jowo, in a treaty drawn up between China and Tibet in 822 C.E. Tibet University (Tibetan: བོད་ལྗོངས་སློབ་གྲྭ་ཆེན་མོ་) is the main university of the Tibet Autonomous Region. What can you see and do there? Agriculture and animal husbandry in Lhasa are considered to be of a high standard. Reaching an elevation of 5,072 metres above sea level, the Qinghai-Tibet railway is the world's highest railway by elevation. [85] To counter the problem of altitude differences giving passengers altitude sickness, extra oxygen is pumped in through the ventilation system and available directly on each berth with close open control by a flap for convenience of passenger, and personal oxygen masks are available on request. '[28], After the establishment of Communist Chinese People's Republic of China, "(...) the People's Liberation Army (PLA) invaded the country in 1950. However, the importance of Lhasa as a religious site became increasingly significant as the centuries progressed. Lhasa Tourist Attractions. It is the first large, modern museum in the Tibet Autonomous Region and has a permanent collection of around 1000 artefacts, from examples of Tibetan art to architectural design throughout history such as Tibetan doors and construction beams. Carlsberg invested in the Lhasa Brewery in recent years and has drastically improved the brewing facility and working conditions, renovating and expanding the building to what now covers 62,240 square metres (15.3 acres).[60][61]. Surrounded by Shigatse, Nyingchi, Nagqu and Shannan, Lhasa is also a transfer center for Tibet tours. Situated in the center of the Tibetan Plateau, the city has a long history of government. The walk was about one kilometre (0.6 miles) long and encircled the entire Jokhang, the former seat of the State Oracle in Lhasa called the Muru Nyingba Monastery, and a number of nobles' houses including Tromzikhang and Jamkhang. Environmental problems such as soil erosion, acidification, and loss of vegetation are being addressed. This river, known to local Tibetans as the "merry blue waves", flows through the snow-covered peaks and gullies of the Nyainqêntanglha mountains, extending 315 km (196 mi), and emptying into the Yarlung Zangbo River at Qüxü, forms an area of great scenic beauty. ), John Bray, 'Trader, Middleman or Spy? [19] Two Tibetan Muslim communities have lived in Lhasa with distinct homes, food and clothing, language, education, trade and traditional herbal medicine. [74][75] In: The Ornaments of Lhasa, Islam in Tibet, Produced by Gray Henry. Lhasa, capital and spiritual heart of Tibet in the west of China, sits at an altitude of 3,650 meters (12,000 ft) and has a history of over 13 centuries. In 1983 the lower part of it was said to have been found in a Lhasa rubbish tip, and the upper half in Beijing. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. The circumambulation route is known as the "kora" in Tibetan and is marked by four large stone incense burners placed at the corners of the temple complex. T he spiritual allure of Lhasa, China (Tibet) has always had a magnetic pull over travelers as one of the world’s great travel adventures since opening for tourism in the 1980s. Its campus is in Chengguan District, Lhasa, east of the city-centre. Chinese authorities in Tibet’s capital Lhasa have increased police presence by opening several so-called “Security Centers,” with the aim of controlling Tibetans, sources in Tibet told RFA. Potala Palace, the former residence of the Dalai Lama, is a major attraction, but you’ll also find numerous important temples and even the world’s highest brewery. [citation needed] The 2000 official census gave a total population of 223,001, of which 171,719 lived in the areas administered by city street offices and city neighborhood committees. [39] Ingress and egress roads run east and west, while to the north, the road infrastructure is less developed. One even finds the Elizabeth Arden specialties, and there is a keen demand for them. Bhrikuti is said to have converted him to Buddhism, which was also the faith attributed to his second wife Wencheng. Anne-Marie Blondeau, Yonten Gyatso, 'Lhasa, Legend and History,' in Françoise Pommaret(ed.). The 5th Dalai Lama, Lobsang Gyatso (1617–1682), unified Tibet and moved the centre of his administration to Lhasa in 1642 with the help of Güshi Khan of the Khoshut. [80], The Monument to the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet was unveiled in the Potala Square in May 2002 to celebrate the 51st anniversary of the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet, and the work in the development of the autonomous region since then. From outside China, it is only possible from Kathmandu, Nepal. "Tourism drive 'is destroying Tibet' Unesco fears for Lhasa's World Heritage sites as the Chinese try to pull in 10 million visitors a year by 2020". Convention Between Great Britain and Tibet, Monument to the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet, Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet, List of twin towns and sister cities in China, "Illuminating China's Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions", "The History of the Early Period of Buddhism and Bon in Tibet", LHASA. In the Tibetan language, Lhasa means the Holy Land or the Buddha Land. Updated 10:52, 03-Dec-2020 Global Stringer Asia;China. Tickets can be purchased abroad, but you can also get to Nepal or China and then book from there. The core leadership of this government is also referred to as the Ganden Phodrang, and Lhasa thereafter became both the religious and political capital. The Nam-tso Restaurant is located in the vicinity of the hotel and is frequented especially by Chinese tourists visiting Lhasa. The Lhasa Stadium, which has a capacity of 20,000, is located in Lhasa. Chengguan District of Lhasa was established on 23 April 1961. The Potala Palace, named after Mount Potala, the abode of Chenresig or Avalokitesvara,[66] was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama. The driest month is January at 0.8 millimetres (0.03 in) and the wettest month is August, at 120.6 millimetres (4.75 in). Chinese authorities in Tibet’s capital Lhasa have increased police presence by opening several so-called “Security Centers,” with the aim of controlling Tibetans, sources in Tibet told RFA. This road is part of National Highway 318 and starts from the Lhasa railway station, passes through Caina Township in Qushui County, terminating between the north entrance of the Gala Mountain Tunnel and the south bridgehead of the Lhasa River Bridge, and en route goes over the first overpass of Lhasa at Liuwu Overpass.[91]. Explore Tibet International Travel Co.,Ltd is an legal entity that registered and authorized international travel company based in Lhasa of Tibet, Explore Tibet is the toplocal Tibet travel agency and Tibet tour operator developed by a team of local Tibetan tour guide withan innate knowledge about the culture, history and environment. The average annual temperature of 8 °C (46 °F). Many have been restored since the 1980s. Trains also arrive in Lhasa from Chengdu, Chongqing, Lanzhou, Xining, Guangzhou, Shanghai and other cities. [54] Chinese authorities plan an ambitious growth of tourism in the region aiming at 10 million visitors by 2020; these visitors are expected to be domestic. China is now banning offerings of burnt juniper boughs and other fragrant smoke outside the iconic Jokhang temple in Tibet’s regional capital Lhasa, with authorities citing concerns over air pollution, sources in the city say. [39], Chengguan District is located on the middle reaches of the Lhasa River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River, with land that rises to the north and south of the river. [citation needed], The term "Chengguan District" is the administrative term for the inner urban area or the urban centre within a prefecture, in this case the Prefectural-city of Lhasa. The Jesuit missionary, Ippolito Desideri reported in 1716 that the city had a cosmopolitan community of Mongol, Chinese, Muscovite, Armenian, Kashmiri, Nepalese and Northern Indian traders. [58] The brewery, consisting of five-story buildings, cost an estimated US$20–25 million, and by 1994, production had reached 30,000 bottles per day, employing some 200 workers by this time. Chengguan literally translates to "urban gateway" (Chinese: 城关; pinyin: Chéngguān) in the Chinese language. Monthly possible sunshine ranges from 53 percent in July to 84 percent in November, and the city receives nearly 3,000 hours of sunlight annually. It is thus sometimes called the "sunlit city" by Tibetans. In addition to the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, the station is served by the Lhasa–Xigazê railway to Shigatse in western Tibet. Drepung Monastery is the largest monastery in Tibet and lies in the west of Lhasa. They have now been joined and the statue is housed in the Ramoche Temple, which was partially restored in 1986,[79] and still showed severe damage in 1993. 24-25. Tibet was exporting musk, gold, medicinal plants, furs and yak tails to far-flung markets, in exchange for sugar, tea, saffron, Persian turquoise, European amber and Mediterranean coral. [14][15] Chinese and Tibetan scholars have noted that the event is mentioned neither in the Chinese annals nor in the Tibetan manuscripts of Dunhuang. The Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple and the Norbulingka are UNESCO world heritage sites. For many years, chemical and car making plants operated in the area and this resulted in significant pollution, a factor which has changed in recent years. Train Z22 from Lhasa to Beijing West departs at 15:30 and arrives in Beijing at 08:20 on the third day, taking 40 hours, 50 minutes. Along with the Potala Palace, it is probably the most popular tourist attraction in Lhasa. It takes around half an hour to get there by car via the Lhasa Airport Expressway; prior to the completion of the expressway in 2011, the trip to the airport took over an hour. Traditionally Tibetan women were the weavers, and men the spinners, but both work on the rugs today. It is 28 kilometres (17 mi) from east to west and 31 kilometres (19 mi) from north to south. Current local time in China – Tibet – Lhasa. There are some night spots that feature cabaret acts in which performers sing in Chinese, Tibetan, and English. All government employees, their families and students were forbidden from practicing their religion, while monks and nuns were not allowed to enter government offices and the Tibet University campus. To get here take a taxi which costs around CNY 20. . There are over 450 rooms (suites) in the hotel, and all are equipped with air conditioning, mini-bar and other basic facilities. [80][81] It is located in an L-shaped building west of the Potala Palace on the corner of Norbulingkha Road. A new 37.68 kilometres (23.41 mi), four-lane highway between Lhasa and the Gonggar Airport was built by the Transportation Department of Tibet at a cost of RMB 1.5 billion. Subsequent to the introduction of the economic development policies, the influx of migrants has dramatically altered the city's ethnic mix in Lhasa. The three monasteries are Ganden, Sera and Drepung which were built as part of the puritanical Buddhist revival in Tibet. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. Emily T. Yeh,'Living Together in Lhasa: Ethnic Relations, Coercive Amity, and Subaltern Cosmopolitanism,' p.60; The monument however does not commemorate the Tibetan epic hero, but the Chinese figure. Annually, Lhasa was 8 kilometres ( 5.0 mi ) long enclosing old Lhasa, Islam in.! Copper, lead and zinc are mined nearby and there is ongoing experimentation regarding new of! 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