But it received both its name and its clearest statement in the writings of English philosophers … Now these examples help to show exactly what a rights based ethics system is like. These related rights can be grouped into two broad categories—negative and positive rights. Marxist Theory Rights: The universality of human rights is encompassed in the words of Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” Indivisibility: Human rights are indivisible. In many respects, it is the outlook of Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) and his writings from the mid-18th century. a. the community in which the company does business b. the company's employees c. the company's suppliers d. the consumers of the company's … If the principles of liberty, equality and fraternity are strictly and scrupulously adhered to in the distribution of rights then that will undoubtedly ensure the maximisation of justice. a. Utilitarian ethics are based on the maximization of "good outcomes" and minimizations of "bad outcomes." "political/ethical philosophical position that argues what's just/good are actions/decisions that protect an individual's rights. The biggest difference is between the sanction theory, on the one hand, and the secondary principle and pre-eminent goods conceptions, on the other hand, because the first is an indirect utilitarian conception of rights, whereas the second two are compatible with direct utilitarianism. The stronger the grounds for accepting Locke’s characterization of people as free, equal, and independent, the more helpful the … Utilitarianism is one of the most important and influential moral theories of modern times. Specific to this view is the recognition of inherent value. Property rights define the theoretical and legal ownership of resources and how they can be used. The company's employees c. The company's suppliers d. The community in which the company does business … Correct answers: 1 question: Under the principle of rights, or rights theory, which of the following are groups whose rights a company should consider before making a decision? The opposite of rights based ethics are utilitarian ethics. Under the Principle of Rights, or "rights theory", which of the following are groups whose rights a company should consider before making a decision? The development of personality shall be the chief motive of the recognition and implementation of rights. Kant's principle is often used to justify both a fundamental moral right, the right to freely choose for oneself, and also rights related to this fundamental right. 3. The distinctive focus of each theory results in significant variations in their lists of specific human rights or the kind of activities humans may indulge in. Property can be owned by individuals, businesses, and governments. The consumers of the company's products or services b. Human rights based on subsistence would not include the range of democratic rights that most liberals argue are an essential element of human rights based on dignity. Rights can be legal in nature, or pertain to human rights or moral rights. Locke’s theory of the state of nature will thus be tied closely to his theory of natural law, since the latter defines the rights of persons and their status as free and equal persons.